Illustrated by Lin Jia-Dong
Bamboo and wood buildings
Main residents: the Thao, Tsou, Kanakanavu, and Hla'alua.
Locations: central Taiwan mountain areas.
Features: residents use local resources to build bamboo houses with grass roofs.
Main residents: the Pangcah, Pinuyumayan, Kavalan, and Sakizaya.
Locations: the eastern plains.
Features: bamboo offers better ventilation in the hot climate.
Piled log wall buildings
Main residents: the Atayal, Truku, Sediq, and Saysiyat.
Locations: mountain areas north of central Taiwan, at altitudes between 1000 and 1500 m.
Features: the cold and wet mountain areas have abundant bamboo and wood, which the locals use to build their houses.
Stone slab houses
Main residents: the Bunun, Rukai, and Paiwan
Locations: Yushan area and the south of the Central Range.
Features: the temperature inside the house is not easily affected by external environment, making it very suitable for climates that have hot and humid summers and cold winters.
Main residents: the Tao
Locations: Orchid Island
Features: in an oceanic climate, an underground house can keep out wind and rain. The underground portion of the house also has drainage systems.